References - Early Symptoms of Alzheimer's & Dementia

Alzheimer's References

1 (Last accessed 8 August 2013)

2How to cope with memory loss. Carole Reid-Galloway on behalf of Mind, the Mental Health Charity. 2009. ISBN 9781874690740

3Amieva, H et al. (2008) Prodromal Alzheimer’s disease: successive emergence of the clinical symptoms. Annals of Neurology, 64(5), 492-498 (last accessed 8 August 2013)

4Small, SA. (2001) Age-related memory decline: current concepts and future directions. Archives of Neurology, 58(3), 360-4 [abstract] (last accessed 8 August 2013)

5Lonie, JA. (2009). Dual task performance in early Alzheimer’s disease, amnestic mild cognitive impairment and depression. Psychological Medicine. 39, 23–31

6 (last accessed 8 August 2013)

7Small, GW. (2002) What we need to know about age related memory loss. British Medical Journal, 22;324(7352), 1502-5

8Alzheimer's Facts & Statistics: (last accessed 8 August 2013)

9Carrillo, MC et al. (2009) Early risk assessment for Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 5, 182-196

10Ballard, C et al. (2011) Alzheimer’s disease. Lancet, 377, 1019 – 1031

11Van Den Heuvel, C et al. (2007) Traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer’s disease: a review. Progress in Brain Research, 161, 303-316

12Morris, JC et al. Mild cognitive impairment represents early stage Alzheimer disease. Archives of Neurology, 58(3), 397-405

13Dubois, B et al. (2004) Amnesiac MCI or prodromal AD? The Lancet Neurology, 3, 246-248

14 (last accessed 8 August 2013) 

15 (last accessed 8 August 2013)

16Cedazo-Minguez, A et al. (2010) Biomarkers for Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia: Clinical needs, limitations and future aspects. Experimental Gerontology, 45, 5-14

17 (last accessed 8 August 2013)

18US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging (last accessed 8 August 2013)

19Tondelli, M et al. (2011) Structural MRI changes detectable up to 10 years before clinical Alzheimer’s disease. Neurobiology of Aging

20Mattsson, N et al. (2009) CSF biomarkers and incipient Alzheimer disease in patients with mild cognitive impairment. Journal of the American Medical Association, 302, 385–393
21Herholz, K et al. (2011) Clinical amyloid imaging in Alzheimer’s disease. Lancet Neurology, 10, 667-670
22Rabinovici, GD et al. (2007) 11C-PIB PET imaging in Alzheimer disease and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Neurology, 68, 1205–1218
23Small, GW et al. (2008) Current and future uses of neuroimaging for cognitively impaired patients. Lancet Neurology, 7, 161-172
24Hua, X et al. (2008) Tensor-based morphometry as a neuroimaging biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease: an MRI study of 676 AD, MCI, and normal subjects. Neuroimage, 43, 458–69

26Biomarkers Definitions Working Group. (2001) Biomarkers and surrogate endpoints: preferred definitions and conceptual framework. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 69, 89–95 in Cummings, J, L. (2011) Biomarkers in Alzheimer’s disease drug development. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 7, e13-e44

27Cummings, JL. (2011) Biomarkers in Alzheimer’s disease drug development. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 7, e13-e44
28Shaw, LM et al. (2008) Biomarkers of neurodegeneration for diagnosis and monitoring therapeutics. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 6, 295–303
29Hansson, O et al. (2006) Association between CSF biomarkers and incipient Alzheimer’s disease in patients with mild cognitive impairment: a follow-up study. Lancet Neurology, 5, 228–234
30Klunk, WE et al. (2004) Imaging brain amyloid in Alzheimer’s disease with Pittsburgh Compound-B. Annals of Neurology, 55, 306–319

31Peterson, RC et al. (1999) MD mild cognitive impairment: clinical characterization and outcome. Archives of Neurology, 56, 303-308. (last accessed 8 August 2013)

32Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures, Special Report: Mild Cognitive Impairment and Early-Stage Alzheimer’s Disease (2009)

33Matthews, FE. (2008) Two-year progression from mild cognitive impairment to dementia: To what extent do different definitions degree? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56(8), 1424-1433

34Wimo, A et al. (2003) The magnitude of dementia occurrence in the world. Alzheimer’s Disease and Associated Disorders, 17(2), 63-67 

35Khachaturian, ZS. (2005) Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease: two decades of progress. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 93-98

36NHS Choices website. About Dementia: (last accessed 8 August 2013)

37Alzheimer's Society - Dementia 2013 infographic: (last accessed 8 August 2013)



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